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Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences >> Call for Papers Vol. 8 No. 3, March 2017

Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences

Pie Menus or Linear Menus, Which Is Better?

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Author Pietro Murano, Iram N. Khan
ISSN 2079-8407
On Pages 476-481
Volume No. 6
Issue No. 9
Issue Date October 1, 2015
Publishing Date October 1, 2015
Keywords Pie menus, radial menus, linear menus, usability, evaluation


This paper is about a continuing investigation aiming to find out which menu type is more useable on a web site or application. This paper specifically compares pie menus with linear menus. Although other researchers have investigated similar themes it is felt that there is still not enough knowledge regarding the various effects of different menu types, including their positioning on a screen. An empirical approach using an experiment to test the effectiveness and user satisfaction of a pie menu and a linear menu is described in detail. Four tasks were administered to experimental participants under each menu design in a within users experimental design. Overall task time, number of errors and participants' subjective opinions were measured. The data were statistically analysed. There were no statistically significant results for task times and errors. However, subjective opinions were overall statistically significant, suggesting a preference for the pie menu by participants. These results are interesting for all web designers, user interface designers and developers. The issues being investigated are rather complex, because there is no clear pattern of results to suggest a categorical ‘best design’. These results add to the current knowledge in existence regarding menu types and to the wish of understanding better the issues involved with menu types.

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